Yocheved puts Moses in a waterproofed wicker basket and places it in the Nile, hoping the river will carry her son to safety. In response to Miriam’s criticism, God does not get angry at Moses; he gets angry at Miriam. If the Bible was a Eurocentric book, I highly doubt that the story of Moses would include him having a black wife. Miriam would have been only about 5 years old when this baby, Moses was born. Others have suggested that Aaron was not afflicted with leprosy because, as the High Priest, it would not have … Apparently, after the Exodus Moses summoned the Cushite woman and she happily joined the Israelites and converted to Judaism. We know this because of Jeremiah 13:23: Can the Ethiopian [the same Hebrew word translated Cushite in Numbers 12:1] change his skin or the leopard his spots? Your censure is directed to Me, rather than to him, for 'the receiver is no better than the thief,' and if Moses is not worthy of his calling, I, his Master, deserve censure."[13]. [34] Similarly, the lamb, egg and fish also allude to the three mythical creatures in Jewish tradition—the land beast Behemoth,[35] the bird Ziz,[36] and the sea-creature Leviathan,[37] respectively. [7], Rashi says that this well was the same rock from which Moses brought forth water after Miriam's death. Miriam (.mw-parser-output .script-hebrew,.mw-parser-output .script-Hebr{font-family:"SBL Hebrew","SBL BibLit","Frank Ruehl CLM","Taamey Frank CLM","Ezra SIL","Ezra SIL SR","Keter Aram Tsova","Taamey Ashkenaz","Taamey David CLM","Keter YG","Shofar","David CLM","Hadasim CLM","Simple CLM","Nachlieli",Cardo,Alef,"Noto Serif Hebrew","Noto Sans Hebrew","David Libre",David,"Times New Roman",Gisha,Arial,FreeSerif,FreeSans}מִרְיָם‎ Mīrəyām) was described in the Hebrew Bible as the daughter of Amram and Jochebed, and the older sister of Moses and Aaron. [31][32], Some Modern Orthodox Jews have revived an ancient custom[33] of adding a piece of fish to the Seder plate in honor of Miriam who is associated with water, based on the teaching in the Talmud[26] that God gave manna (on the ground) in the merit of Moses, clouds of glory (in the sky) in the merit of Aaron and a well (of water) in the merit of Miriam. Moses Wife: The Ethiopian Woman. Numbers 12 tells the story of the opposition of his brother Aaron and sister Miriam to Moses on the grounds that he had married a Cushite wife. 24:9) Yet the Torah’s account of this event is rather obscure. According to the Hebrew Bible, Miriam was the older sister of Moses and Aaron. She is shut outside the camp for the required period of time and the people wait for her. When she returns, Miriam has been healed and the Israelites move on to the Desert of Paran. While the Israelites were in the wilderness, Miriam and Aaron began to speak against Moses because of his Cushite wife. Later on, Asiya, wife of Pharaoh, finds Moses at the river and adopts him as her own, but Moses refuses to be suckled by her. God overhears their conversation and calls the three siblings into the Tent of Meeting, where God appears as a cloud before them. “Then Miriam and Aaron spoke against Moses because of the Ethiopian woman whom he had married; for he had married an Ethiopian woman”. At this time Miriam emerges from her hiding place and approaches Pharaoh's daughter, offering to find a Hebrew woman to nurse the child. hath he not spoken also by us?" Zipporah or Tzipora (/ ˈ z ɪ p ər ə, z ɪ ˈ p ɔːr ə /; Hebrew: צִפֹּרָה ‎, Tsippōrāh, "bird") is mentioned in the Book of Exodus as the wife of Moses, and the daughter of Reuel/Jethro, the priest and prince of Midian. Miriam asks Pharaoh's wife and her handmaidens to have his own mother act as nursemaid to Moses, the mother's identity not being known to Pharaoh's wife (28:12–13). Moses’ prominence and influence with the people may have created in Miriam and Aaron a jealous desire for more authority, so that they kept saying: “Is it … ", In Jewish folk-religious tradition this abrupt transition between her passing and the lack of water was explained by postulating a "well of Miriam" that dried up when she died. [14] This was because she, not Aaron, was the one who initiated the complaint against Moses. We can prove that by tracing their lineages in scripture. I assumed they were kidding when they called this book “Numbers.” But no. However, this was after his time on Sinai, when he had become entirely holy, so it was too late to consummate the marriage. Mosos wife The Cushite reference to the wife of Moses occurs at Numbers 12. In a cryptic episode in the Torah, Miriam talked to Aaron about Moses "concerning the 'Cushite[1] wife' whom he married, for he married a 'Cushite wife'. Miriam and Aaron are instructed to step forward and God explains to them that Moses is different from other prophets: What God seems to be saying in this text is that whereas God appears to other prophets in visions, with Moses God speaks "face to face, clearly and not in riddles" (Numbers 12:6-9). The text reads, "Miriam died there, and was buried there. Moses responds immediately, crying out to God in Numbers 12:13: "O Lord, please heal her" ("El nah, refah na lah"). 23, p. 24b", Miriam's Cup: A New Ritual for the Passover Seder, ibn Abdullah ibn Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim, Current Ummah of Islam (Ummah of Muhammad), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Miriam&oldid=996540113, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2016, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Mother Abiona or Amtelai the daughter of Karnebo, Slayers of Saleh's she-camel (Qaddar ibn Salif and Musda' ibn Dahr). The criticism has to do with Moses’ marriage and Moses’ authority. Aaron asks Moses to intercede for Miriam, Moses prays to God to heal her, and God concedes after requiring a quarantine of seven days. [6]:71, In the biblical narrative of The Exodus, Miriam is described as a "prophetess" when she leads the Israelites in the Song of the Sea after Pharaoh's army is destroyed at the Sea of Reeds. Moses has commanded Pharaoh to let his people go and God has sent the ten plagues down upon Egypt. The idea that Moses had a black wife apparently comes from Numbers 12:1 which says Miriam and Aaron spoke against Moses because of his Cushite wife. When Miriam is re-introduced in this part of the story, the text refers to her as a "prophetess" (Exodus 15:20) and later in Numbers 12:2 she reveals that God has spoken to her. Furthermore, according to the conclusion of the Tharbis legend, Moses fashioned a miraculous ring which caused her to forget her love for him, and he then returned to Egypt alone. This is actually a topic that is debated often, but scripture is clear that Moses married two different women from two different lineages. [24][25]:217–228, The Talmud[26] says, "Three great leaders led Israel: Moses, Aaron and Miriam. Rashi tells us that Moses had divorced his wife: How did she [Miriam] know that Moses had separated from his wife? But as the child grows older Yocheved decides that it is no longer safe for him at home -- after all, it would only take one ill-timed cry for an Egyptian guard to discover the child. Moses did not violate the principle of non-marriage with the heathen when he took her to wife, as they apparently claimed. Moses teaches that Israelites are not to marry foreigners (Deut. [citation needed] However, noting the wording of the verse, "God's wrath flared against them [i.e., both Aaron and Miriam]", the Talmud appears to conclude that Aaron was also smitten with tzara'at initially, but was then immediately cured.[16]. She was a prophetess and first appears in the Book of Exodus. [22] Therefore, even according to Josephus, Moses' first marriage to Tharbis as military leader of Egypt terminated long before his later marriage to Tzipora as fugitive from Egypt, such that the Cushite wife of Moses mentioned in the Torah after the Exodus appears to be Tzipora, as explained above. Later, as the Israelites wander through the desert in search of the Promised Land, the midrash tells us that a well of water followed Miriam and quenched the people's thirst. The Cushite wife appears some years later in Moses’ story, during the wandering in the desert (you can read about the dispute between Miriam, Aaron and the Cushite wife at Miriam’s story.) [9] In fact, King Saul[10] and even the Jewish People[11] are referred to by the term "Cushite". Numbers 12:1. [15] Despite Miriam's intent to help Tzipora, she should have judged Moses favorably and approached Moses on Tzipora's behalf privately. However, while Josephus does describe a legend (which is not written in the Torah) wherein Moses marries this princess during a military campaign he leads in Ethiopia, according to Josephus this marriage occurs while Moses is still a royal prince of Egypt long before he re-discovers his oppressed Jewish brethren. Hebrew: kushiyth (Koo-sheeth’) a Cushite woman (Strongs Hebrew Dictionary). [6]:71, The Torah describes Miriam and Aaron as being rebuked by God for criticizing Moses on account of his "Cushite" wife, after which Miriam is punished for a week with tzara’at ("leprosy", Numbers 12). [28], Miriam is a popular figure among some Jewish feminists. Then also you can do good who are accustomed to do evil. Because Without Miriam, Jewish Life Would Not Exist | The Jewish News Weekly of Northern California", "Defrosting Judaism: A Look at the Ritualwell Website", "Mo'ed l'Khol Chai, Izmir, 1861, Chapter 4, sec. The Bible does not explicitly say that Moses had more than one wife. Other scholars point to this very passage as emphatically saying the opposite: Moses did have more than one wife, hence the narrative's emphasis at the end of vs 1: While they were at Hazeroth, Miriam and Aaron spoke against Moses because of the Cushite woman whom he had married (for he had indeed married a Cushite woman) On the surface, they seem to take little or no time to grieve. A Cushite is from Cush, a region south of Ethiopia, where the people are known for their black skin. Chapter 1 to Chapter 3. This usage of the Jewish nation relatively new tradition of Miriam 's mother Yocheved. Topic that is debated often, but rather as a Cushite is from this part of her to... 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