7223). 4867, 13446). A very important food fish; cultured in fishponds, pens or cages in Laguna de Bay and all over the country (Ref. Reported from Bangar, La Union (Ref. 4735). 13686). Migrated into Lake Mainit via the Tubay River, Mindanao (Ref. Specimens were collected from Kiga creek and Ambacan River at Baybay, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 43716). Also Ref. Description based on a single specimen, 13.4 TL, caught by Herre at the type locality, Dansalan, Lake Lanao, Mindanao in 1921 (Ref. Specimens collected from Ibo, a small mountain creek flowing into Angat River in Bulacan, about 60 km northeast of Manila (Ref. Also Ref. Originally reported from the Malabon River, Rizal, Philippines, which has meanwhile been reclaimed. 280). Reef Fish Identification. Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. 4537. Specimens were collected from Ambacan River at Baybay, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 80824), Paoay creek, Paoay Lake, Butong Lake, Laoag, Ilocos Norte and Lanigay, Polangui, Albay (Ref. 2199) recorded the fish from the Philippine Islands with the specimen placed in the Philadelphia Commercial Museum. 2858). Also Ref. 13446), also in Laguna de Bay (Ref. Collected from Malabon, Manila; Capiz and Iloilo, Panay (Ref. Reported from Lake Taal (Ref. Japanese eel (Tagalog), Casili (Bikol), Casili (Cebuano), Kasili (Cebuano), Kasili (Davawenyo), Ubod (Hiligaynon), Igat (Tagalog), Kasili (Waray-waray). Museum: Western Calatagan, Batangas, UPZM 5412. 11790). Also Ref. Museum: Western Calatagan, Batangas, UPZM 5386. Inland record from Palawan (Ref. Recorded in a 1982 survey (Ref. Recorded from Taal as part of pond culture and cage culture in BFAR-NFBC, Butong, Batangas (Ref. No specimens were collected during the 1994 expedition (Ref. Collected by Herre from Lake Buluan and in a creek at Kidapauan, Cotabato; Balangkott Creek, near Linabo, Malupali R. at Mailag, Tagualmay creek, Bukidnon; Titunod R. near Kolambugan, Lanao; and Busay R. and Balactasan R., Basilan (Ref. 104756). 81820). Also Ref. In northern Luzon, occur in mountain streams at an altitude or more than 1,530 meters (Ref. 12165, 13446). 13492) and Lake Lanao (Ref. Also collected from Bangar, La Union with individuals over 3 cm ready to spawn (Ref. 81820). Collected from Saub River, Cotabato in 1923. 1602, 37816. Reported from Lake Mainit (Ref. Also Ref. Also Ref. Described from specimens collected from Cascade River, Murcielagos Bay, Misamis Occidental, Mindanao (Ref. Threatened due to overfishing (Ref. Disa (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Diza (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug). Listed as questionable (without explanation) in Ref. Type locality. 10558). Also Ref. This species has established in aquaculture through assisted or artificial reproduction. Described from a single specimen, 8.1 cm, collected from the type locality Malum River, Tawi-tawi, Philippines on 21 September 1923 (Ref. Also Ref. Occurs in freswater streams and rice paddies of the larger islands (Ref. This Forest Practices Code Guidebook is presented for information only. Santa Maria River, Santa Maria, CAS-SU 38904; FMNH 40623-40627. 7223). 12165). 80679; present as part of gill net catch composition in Talisay area in Taal Lake (Ref. A series of pictures and explanations lead the reader to the target family of the fish to be identified. Type locality, Baco River, Mindoro and also from Abra River, near Vigan, Ilocos Sur (Ref. Tulis (Bikol), Tamban (Cebuano), Tamban (Chavacano), Tamban (Davawenyo), Rainbow sardine (English), Balantiong (Hiligaynon), Tulis (Ilokano), Balantyong (Kagayanen), Kasig (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Tulis (Pangasinan), Tamban (Surigaonon), Tamban (Tagalog), Balatiyong (Visayan), Hilos-hilos (Waray-waray), Alabaybay (Bikol), Balantyong (Cebuano), Tunsoy (Cebuano), Tamban Hilos (Davawenyo), Bud-bud (Hiligaynon), Balid-bid (Ilokano), Tulis (Tagalog), Tunsoy (Tagalog). Reported from Lake Lanao, Lake Taal, Lake Mainit, Lake Naujan (Ref. No locality, MCZ 60049 (Ref. 2929, 13446, 70969). Safeguarding these services requires the rapid identification of reefs that provide most services, and identification is best made by measuring hard coral cover and diversity and using updated and locally relevant assessment scales on these measurements. Also recorded from Taal (Ref. 7223). 109918). 7050, 092840. 7223). 80824). Also Ref. Also Ref. 7223). 280, 13446. 12165). Also Ref. 439). Restricted to Lakes Ernestine, Singuan and Sulou on Cagayan Sulu Island, Cagayan Sulu Archipelago (Ref. Collected from Barrio Diviguen, San Mariano, Isabela, from a creek on Mount Moises, Isabela (Ref. 81820). Also Ref. Specimens were collected in 1993 from Ambacan River at Makinhas and Butigan, Leyte (Ref. Known only to be abundant in 1913, biting hooks and nibbling at fingers held underwater (Ref. 12748). Recorded from Luzon lakes and ponds. Type locality, Lake Taal, Luzon (Ref. Escudero et al. General fish features. Cultured in Angat reservoir (Ref. Selecting an identification tool 25 4.1 Users 25 4.2 Selection criteria 25 4.2.1 Response time 28 Reintroduced in 1915 and 1958. Reported from AQUAGEM Maharlika Hi-way, Cabanatuan City as specimen for the living fish museum (Ref. 13446); Pampanga River, Paitan Lake and Pantabangan Dam (Nueva Ecija) (Ref. Specimens were collected in 1993 from Lagu Lagu creek, between rice fields and habitations in Leyte (Ref. 7223). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. Also Ref. 56084, 80824) and from FAC, Munoz Nueva Ecija as specimen for living fish museum. 7223). for both enthusiast and professional naturalists and wildlife conservationists. 12789). Occurs in the freshwaters of Lake Naujan, Mindoro; Laguna de Bay, Laguna; Bicol River, Camarines Sur; and, Agusan River, Manacop, Davao (Ref. 119549). A local introduction. 43716). 80730). 7223). Also Ref. 10888). Also Ref. 83381). Reported from Lake Mainit and Kalinawan River (Ref. 43716). Migrated into Lake Mainit via the Tubay River, Mindanao (Ref. 68348). 7223). 12157). Also Ref. Museum: ANSP 63524, 82548; LACM 42475 - 47. 10558). Specimens were collected from Dansalan, Lake Lanao, Mindanao (Ref. Also Ref. 68980). Collected from CLSU fish pond, Nueva Ecija as specimen for living fish museum (Ref. 10888) and 2008 survey (Ref. Reported from Lake Taal (Ref. 12165, 13446). Also Ref. 94476). 7223). Speckled tonguesole (English), Maladpalad (Agutaynen), Dapa (Bikol), Palad (Bikol), Palad (Cebuano), Kulampira-bato (Chavacano), Pad-pad (Davawenyo), Speckled toungesole (English), Palad (Hiligaynon), Ararali (Ibanag), Palad (Kuyunon), Kulampira (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Dapang sinilas (Tagalog), Dapang tsinelas (Tagalog), Dali dali (Visayan), Malad-palad (Visayan), Pahot (Waray-waray), Palad (Waray-waray). 94176). Also Ref. There were 69 specimens (2.92-5.56 cm SL) that were collected from Busuanga Island, Paugauron River, Port Caltour (Ref. Ines, Rizal and Banaban R., Angat, Bulacan, Philippines. 4867, 50320, 13446, 81829). Beyond meeting current market demands, the improvement of yu-yu production in the rice terraces is seen on the long-term as an incentive to farmers to maintain the rice terraces as a cultural heritage and to keep their organic farming practices. Also Ref. Also Ref. 1739, 7306, 12157 and 12548. No adverse impact on indigenous species in Taal lake has been reported (Ref. Bolinao Market, Pangasinan, NLU 71395. Also Ref. Also Ref. Also Refs. 045161) is questionable as this species is known to be endemic to Australia. In 1998, production was at a high of 1120 mt, but down to 294 mt in 2000 (Ref. 80824); Lake Paoay, Ilocos Norte; Magat R, Nueva Viscaya; Lake Bato and Lake Buhi, Camarines Sur; Cagayan River, Isabela (Ref. Introduced to Taal Lake, stocked from fingerlings, and had escaped from the cages (Ref. 12165, 13446). Each family section begins with a page describing the specific characteristics of that family, such as the size range, number of dorsal fins, tail shape and local names, illustrated by a simple line drawing. 7223). Recorded in Tañon Strait (Ref. Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. 109918). Known as the native hito. Also found in the reservoirs of Lake Buhi and Binga (Ref. 2929). Sawfish (English), Barasan (Tagalog), Barasan (Bikol), Pakangan (Bikol), Buntok lagari (Kapampangan), Barabad (Kuyunon), Manglagpit (Kuyunon), Palangan (Pangasinan), Tag-an (Tagalog), Taghan (Visayan). 7223). Type locality of. The introduction of some freshwater species and some changes in farming practices are believed to have contributed much to the decline and seem to threaten the survival of this fish in the rice fields. 13446). 280). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. Reported from Lake Bato, Camarines Sur as. 280). Also Ref. 12157. In 1915, two thousand fry were brought from Hong Kong to Manila upon the suggestion of Alvin Seale. Recorded from Candaba Swamp and Pampanga River (Ref. Langarai (Tagalog), Parangan (Hiligaynon), Langaray (Tagalog). 30352). 7223). 4867, 13446). The future growth of Philippine aquaculture may not be sustained unless new markets are developed, market competitiveness is strengthened and farming risks are reduced. 2847, 7050. 80679, 13446) and Lake Naujan (Ref. 108831). Also Ref. Also Ref. Malibanos (Tagalog), Burirawan (Bikol), Indong (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Burirawan (Tagalog), Indong (Tagalog), Payangitan (Tagalog), Indang (Visayan), Ogdok (Visayan), Tagibus (Visayan). 280, 94476. An invasive species recorded from Laguna de Bay (Ref. 7223). Description based from the type and only specimen, 12.6 cm, collected at Camp Keithley, Lanao. Needs confirmation. Museum specimens collected in 1983 from the south bay, LRS-83115 (Ref. Specimens were collected from Ambacan River at Baybay, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. Also Ref. 280). 7223) and reported from Taal Lake (Ref. 1739. Some specimens were sent to Stanford University, California. 94476. Known in Calamianes Islands, northern Palawan (Ref. 109918). Also Ref. Also Ref. 50862). A major invasive species in Laguna de Bay. 50862). Known from brooks around Mt. 1602. 280). 7223). 280). Bronze catfish (English), Corydoras albino (English). 13460). Bluespot mullet (English), Talilong (Tagalog), Balanak (Agutaynen), Aguas (Bikol), Araran (Bikol), Saranaa (Bikol), Tabudyos (Bikol), Gisaw (Cebuano), Banak (Chavacano), Lisas (Chavacano), Banak (Davawenyo), Gisaw (Davawenyo), Gisaw (Hiligaynon), Tungkaw (Hiligaynon), Lapes (Ilokano), Ludong (Ilokano), Lumitog (Ilokano), Lurung (Ilokano), Pasga (Ilokano), Balanak (Kagayanen), Banak (Kuyunon), Balanak (Magindanaon), Banak (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Agwas (Tagalog), Asubi (Tagalog), Balungain (Tagalog), Banak (Tagalog), Bilungan (Tagalog), Gagapang (Tagalog), Kapak (Tagalog), Lumitog (Tagalog), Sumalapau (Tagalog), Tandipil (Tagalog), Lampuhan (Visayan), Pili (Visayan), Balanak (Waray-waray), Banak (Waray-waray). Specimens were collected from Calbiga-a creek, Lagu Lagu creek, and Ambacan River at Baybay, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 95665. 81621). Reported from Trinidad River, Bagiuo (Ref. 280, 12157. Asohos (Tagalog), Alisoos (Cebuano), Asoos (Cebuano), Ago-os (Davawenyo), Susay (Ilokano), Usu-us (Ilokano), Asuhos (Tagalog), Daing gusong (Tagalog), Hosohos (Tagalog), Oso-os (Waray-waray), Northern whiting (English), Aso-os (Surigaonon), Hosohos (Tagalog), Aso-os (Bikol), Asu-os (Bikol), Oso-os (Bikol), Osu-us (Bikol), Tayutos (Bikol), Alisoos (Cebuano), Asohos (Cebuano), Asoos (Cebuano), Sigarilyohon (Cebuano), Ago-os (Davawenyo), Asoos (Davawenyo), Common sillaginid (English), Common whiting (English), Aso-os (Hiligaynon), Asoos (Hiligaynon), Osoos (Hiligaynon), Asus (Ilokano), Osoos (Ilokano), Susay (Ilokano), Usu-us (Ilokano), Soos (Kagayanen), Asos (Kapampangan), Asohos (Kuyunon), Awsaos (Kuyunon), Usaos (Kuyunon), Asohos (Tagalog), Asuhos (Tagalog), Asuos (Tagalog), Aso-os (Visayan), Asohos (Visayan), Asoos (Waray-waray), Oso-os (Waray-waray). In Lake Lanao, recorded in 1963-64, 1974-1977and 1982-1983; not recorded in 1990-91 and 2008 surveys (Ref. 80824). Also reported from Wayan Creek, a creek at Langbuan, and Pangauron River, Port Caltom, Busuanga (Ref. 81820). 1739, 1998, 6346. British Wildlife is the leading natural history magazine in the UK, providing essential reading 81829). Province and Balete, Nueva Vizcaya (Ref. 9859). 13460). Also Ref. Caused the extinction of 17 endemic cyprinid species and three genera of Lake Lanao (Ref. crustaceans of the Philippines can further assist in enhancing the crustacean interest. Flathead grey mullet (English), Aguas (Tagalog), Balanak (Agutaynen), Agwas (Bikol), Balanak (Bikol), Gisaw (Cebuano), Banak (Chavacano), Gisaw (Chavacano), Lisas (Chavacano), Gisaw (Davawenyo), Gisaw (Hiligaynon), Ugapang (Hiligaynon), Lul-luran (Ilokano), Porong (Ilokano), Hurong (Ivatan), Balanak (Kagayanen), Banak (Kuyunon), Banak (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Perong (Pangasinan), Bayanak (Surigaonon), Gisaw (Surigaonon), Agwas (Tagalog), Aligasin (Tagalog), Asubi (Tagalog), Banak (Tagalog), Talilong (Tagalog), Agwas (Waray-waray), Balanak (Waray-waray). When submerged, these fish must occasionally swim to the surface and gulp air or they will drown. 7223). 3178, 12157. Comprehensive information detailing physical appearance, habitat, ecology, and local names is provided for more than 90 fish families. Confined to Camarines Sur and Albay provinces: Lake Buhi, Buhi River, and Lake Bato (Ref. Reported from L:ake Naujan (Ref. 280). 13446), Tayabas Bay (Ref. 56945). 439, 2060, 4924, 48613, 94476. Prepared as omelets or steamed in banana leaves, or as fish sauce. 7223); Taal (Ref. Recorded from Candaba Swamp and Pampanga River (Ref. Currently known only from Lagu Lagu creek on the western slope of Leyte. 6802. 95183). Common ponyfish (English), Mawalay (Surigaonon), Sap-sap (Tagalog), Sapsap (Agutaynen), Lawayan (Banton), Barurog (Bikol), Dalupani (Bikol), Lawayan (Bikol), Mutomot (Bikol), Pirak-pirak (Bikol), Dalupane (Cebuano), Lawayan (Cebuano), Palotpot (Cebuano), Sap-sap (Chavacano), Sap-sap (Davawenyo), Common slipmouth (English), Daguldolan (Hiligaynon), Dalupani (Hiligaynon), Lawayan (Hiligaynon), Gumabek (Ilokano), Lalakasen (Ilokano), Laway-laway (Ilokano), Palangan (Ilokano), Sap-sap (Ilokano), Sapsap (Ilokano), Talibukno (Ilokano), Talibuno (Ilokano), Tariptip (Ilokano), Usub (Ilokano), Sapsap (Kapampangan), Lawayakan (Kuyunon), Sapsap (Kuyunon), Sap-sap (Magindanaon), Sap-sap (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Sap-sap betsang (Pangasinan), Malaway (Surigaonon), Bakagan (Tagalog), Dalupani (Tagalog), Hiwas (Tagalog), Huwaling (Tagalog), I-im (Tagalog), Laway (Tagalog), Lawayan (Tagalog), Lawihan (Tagalog), Malaway (Tagalog), Sapsap (Tagalog), Tabiros (Tagalog), Taksay (Tagalog), Tambong (Tagalog), Yapyap (Tagalog), Badyang (Visayan), Bakayan (Visayan), Dagoldalan (Visayan), Danutan (Visayan), Kapotol (Visayan), Lawayan (Visayan), Lumo-an (Visayan), Lumoan (Visayan), Nepis-nepis (Visayan), Pa-ut-put (Visayan), Paluput (Visayan), Palutput (Visayan), Parutput (Visayan), Lawayan (Waray-waray), Parutpot (Waray-waray), Sapsap (Waray-waray), Tambon (Waray-waray). 9843,81207). Balo (Davawenyo), Tambilawan (Hiligaynon), Batali (Kapampangan). Museum specimens collected in 1984 from various localities, LRS-84137 (Ref. Reported from Cagayan: Apopogonan River, Aparri; Cagayan R. at Bisugu; and Buguey R., Buguey. Also Ref. 12758). 12165, 13446). 7223). These apps contain lots of pics and also detailed info about each fish including the diving depth and the best fish spots. The smallest important food fish in Laguna de Bay; caught in large quantities. 13492), Lake Taal (Ref. No specimen was caught during the 1994 expedition (Ref. A 19 cm SL female specimen from the Philippines was found ripe (Ref. 4867, 50320, 13446, 81829); Lake Lanao, Lanao del Sur (Ref. Introduced in Trinidad River, Mountain Province (Ref. Specimens were collected in 1993 from Kiga creek, Lagu Lagu creek, a small creek in Guadalupe, Leyte and from Sohoton Cave, Basey River, Samar (Ref. 2109. Known from Bombon (=Taal) Lake (Ref. 3. 13448). Sirang (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Tumaginting (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug). Giant mottled eel (English), Igat (Tagalog), Almang (Agutaynen), Casili (Borirawan) (Bikol), Casili (Cebuano), Kasili (Cebuano), Anguilla (Chavacano), Kasili (Davawenyo), Eel (English), Pangitan (Kagayanen), Talunasan (Kapampangan), Endong (Kuyunon), Indong honasan (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Palos (Tagalog), Pubukangbinhi (Tagalog), Kasili (Visayan), Kasili (Waray-waray), 70.00 cm TL male/unsexed ;200 cm TL female, Found to be rare in Lake Bombon (=Taal), except maybe at great depths (Ref. 280, 13446) and Lake Lanao (Ref. Also Ref. 7223). Reported from Timpuk Lake, Jolo Island, Sulu (Ref. 94476. Key features for identifying fish species including anatomy, and pattern and colour markings . 6565). (Ref. Occurs throughout the Calamianes and Palawan (Ref. Described from specimens, 6.8 - 10.9 cm, collected from Langbuan, Busuanga, in September 1922. 95183). Quoy's garfish (English), Bugiw (Tagalog), Suasid (Cebuano), Sa-sa (Davawenyo), Siriw (Ilokano), Susay (Ilokano), Iman (Ivatan), Buging (Tagalog), Kansusuit (Tagalog), Kansusuwit (Tagalog), siliw (Tagalog), Bugiw (Waray-waray). Usually found in the littoral areas, with heavy aquatic vegetation (Ref. May be a native fish due to museum records dating back to 1901 (USNM 00126367) (Ref. Type locality, Lake Bato, Camarines and Yassot Creek, Albay, Luzon. A specimen was caught in 1989 with hook and line from Lake Manguao, Palawan (Ref. 13464); Lake Buluan (13492); Lake Naujan (Ref. 12165, 13446). Specimens were collected from Lagu Lagu creek, Layog River at Balinsasayao, and at the Daguitan bridge, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. An average of 5 to 10 kg of fish (P300-600) are taken in a night's operation (Ref. Also Ref. 48328). Reported from Lake Bombon (=Taal) (Ref. Common in Lake Bombon (=Taal) (Ref. 1739, 4867, 28007, 4735. Also Ref. 27799,81207,13446). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. For example plaice and flounder, poor cod and pouting and pollock and coalfish are all species which anglers sometimes struggle to tell apart. 108830), Lake Naujan (Ref. One of the largest of the Lanao carps. Also Ref. Reported from Lake Taal (Ref. The single specimen, collected by Robert B. 106380). Also Ref. Also Ref. Also Ref. 13446). 68595). 80679, 13446). 12740). 94476). 12748). 81820). 13460). 80824). 6565). Described from the type specimens collected from Dansalan, Lake Lanao, Mindanao (1910, 1922). 7050. 94476. 7223). 58652). Account for almost a third of the fish production of Laguna de Bay. Lakes Buhi and Bato, Camarines Sur (Ref. Also recorded from Tabuating river, Nueva Ecija (Ref. A commercial fish with a recorded catch of 745 MT in 1983 from Laguna de Bay alone. 2929). Dwarf freshwater goby (English), Dolong (Tagalog). 94476. Bagañgan (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Bagangan sa erungan (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug). Fe, Nueva Vizcaya; Molawin Creek and Sta. Reported from Lake Bombon (=Taal, Ref. Also Ref. 4867, 50320, 13446), Lake Buluan (Ref. 13446). Introduced to Miagao, Iloilo in 1996 for mosquito control. Protected and no-take fish species in Queensland fresh waters and tidal waters. 109918). Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. 94476. 7223). 6348). 20.70 cm SL male/unsexed ;17.50 cm SL female. Reported from Dampalit, Malabon; Orani, Bataan; Balayan, Batangas; Bulan, Sorsogon; Dumaguete, Negros Oriental; Zamboanga, Mindanao (Ref. 280. The demand for this organically-grown fish has increased not only in the region but also abroad. 109918). 280, 7050, 5316, 2847. Reported from Lake Taal (Ref. Also Ref. 58652), Lanuza Bay (Ref. 110387). Museum: San Jose, Panay Island, Antique Province, CAS 63588 (1: 3.79 cm SL) (Ref. Also Ref. Reported from Lake Bombon (=Taal), Batangas and Lake Naujan, Mindoro (Ref. 12157). 81829). Collected from AQUAGEM, Maharlika Hiway, Cabanatuan City as specimen for fish living museum (Ref. 13460). 2929). 7050. Reported from 1986 survey by Mercene (Ref. Also Ref. Recorded from the Putoc River in Mindanao (Ref. Also Ref. Also Ref. 94476. 28614). Outside distributional range, occurrence needs confirmation. Endemic status computed from FishBase data (country records, occurrences records in literature and in point data) on 16/07/08. 13446) and Pagbilao mangrove. Reintroduced in 1972 from Thailand (Ref. Type locality, small stream at Taytay, Palawan (Ref. Arayat, in Pampanga and Nueva Ecija (Ref. 188). 56084). 2858). Also Ref. Also Ref. Cagayan river); apparently overfished (article in Inquirer, 17 Nov. 1998). book reviews and letters. Type locality, creek at eastern end of Tunga, Leyte (Ref. Snakeskin gourami (English), Pla-salit (Tagalog), Gourami (English), Three-spot gurammy (English). Specimens were collected from a creeks at the eastern side of Tunga and Layog River at Balinsasayao, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. Described from a 3.4 cm TL (2.75 SL) male holotype (Philippine Fish and Game Administration No. 12768). Reported in the sea at Culion Island, off Palawan (Ref. Occurrence of this species in the country needs further confirmation. Specimens were collected from Kiga creek, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. 13446). 7223). 47737) and Lanuza Bay (Ref. 109918). Known from Laguna de Bay north shore, Lapulapu River in Palawan, Casatagan River and Subic Bay in Zambales Province, Mindoro, Comon River in Bohol, Karig Malan River in Culion, Tarogin River in Mindoro Oriental, Amilao River in Iloilo, Tabios River in Bataan (Ref. 2847, 7050. Recorded from Marikina river and Paitan Lake, Cuyapo, Nueva Ecija (Ref. 13446, 81887). 86905; http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/20034/0). ; Mindoro; Tarlac; Zamboanga; Manila (Ref. Identification guide to the families and species of Philippine marine fishes. 13460). Also Ref. 94476. 12768). 109918). 80824). 81207, 13446); Laguna de Bay in a 2005 assessment (Ref. 68595), Bagaong River, Sablayan Bay, Mindoro; Malbato R., Port Uson, and Pagauron R., Port Caltom, Busuanga I.; Pancol and creek near Pancol, Malampaya Sound, Iwahig R., and tributaries, Malatgao and Camino rivers, near Puerto Princesa, Malinao R., Mantaquin Bay, Palawan; Zamboanga R.; Isabela R., Basilan I.; Cagayan R., Misamis Oriental, Mindanao. In range Ref. Mactan I., Cebu, AMS I.21938-016. Otomebora mullet (English), Araran (Tagalog), Balanak (Agutaynen), Balanak (Bikol), Banak (Cebuano), Gisaw (Cebuano), Banak (Chavacano), Lisas (Chavacano), Gisaw (Davawenyo), Mullet (English), Balanak (Hiligaynon), Gusaw (Hiligaynon), Lul-luran (Ilokano), Balanak (Kagayanen), Banak (Kuyunon), Banak (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Aligasin (Tagalog), Banak (Tagalog), Talilong (Tagalog), Balanak (Waray-waray). Also found in Culion and Busuanga islands in the Calamian group north of Palawan (Ref. 109918). 439); and Lake Taal (Ref. Described from specimens collected in 1926 from a small mountain lake beside sitio Lanigay (Lake Lanigay), Polangui, Albay, Luzon. Also known from San Vicente, N. Luzon (Ref. Specimens were collected in 1993 from Kiga creek and Ambacan River at Baybay, Leyte and from Sohoton Cave and Inuntan, Basey River, Samar (Ref. Considered as the most important fish of Lake Lanao and next to. Museum specimens collected in 1984 from various localities, LRS-84133 (Ref. Known from Bombon (=Taal) lake (Ref. Found in Laguna de Bay. Also reported from Taal Lake (Ref. Goldie river mullet (English), Ludong (Tagalog), Banak (Tagalog). 393, 3281, 7306, 59175. 4180. 80824). 48613, 53416. When the Rio Grande de Mindanao flooded, the fish escaped and established in the Pulangi and its tributaries between Dulauan and Fort Pikit. 2847. 94476). Fish, crustaceans or mollusks, simply sprinkled with salt or sprayed with brine, for the sole purpose of preservation during transport shall be classified as fresh fish, crustaceans or mollusks. Migrated into Lake Mainit via the Tubay River, Mindanao (Ref. 393, 2109. 13489). 80679, 13446). Sea catfish (English), Kanduli (Tagalog), Tabangongo (Tagalog), Reported from Los Baños, Laguna; San Fabian, Pangasinan; Navotas, Malabon, and Puerto Galera, Mindoro (Ref. 2858). Museum: Calasiao River, about 12 km N of San Carlos City, Pangasinan, Luzon, CAS 50723 (holotype, 2.23 cm SL, dextral male); CAS 64254 (paratypes) (Ref. 7050. 13460, 80824). In range Ref. Also reported from Magat River and its tributaries, north of Santa Fe (Ref. 107093). 94476. 280, 3881, 13446, 70969, 94476. Identifying fish to family level is made easy using observable external features such as body shape, size, and positions of fins. 10558). 94476. Known from Lake Mainit, Mindanao (Ref. 43281. Recorded from Taal Lake (Ref. Also Ref. Reported from Lake Taal and Lake Naujan (Ref. Described from four specimens, 5.5 - 8.5 cm, caught at Langbuan, Busuanga, its type locality (Ref. Ataba (Tagalog), Ananabing (Banton), Ama mangpang (Bikol), Sumpit (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), kataba (Tagalog), Anunuput (Visayan), Ataba (Visayan), Bang-ga (Visayan). Also Ref. 1739. 119549). 1739, 12157, 119549. Fox , was found by T. R. Roberts among unidentified material in the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources in Intramuros, Manila in 1975. 7223). comm.). Also Ref. 12165, 13446). 109918). Collected from Metro Manila as specimen for living fish museum (Ref. Hardyhead silverside (English), Gono (Tagalog), Gono (Cebuano), Gunuh (Chavacano), Guno (Davawenyo), Dagubdub (Hiligaynon), Guno (Hiligaynon), Tambarasang (Hiligaynon), Ti-i (Ilokano), Guno (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Langaray pako (Tagalog), Guno (Waray-waray). 2847, 7050. Recorded as having been or being farmed in rice fields (Ref. Museum specimens collected from various localities, in 1982, LRS-82103; in 1984, LRS-84132 (Ref. 53891). Tumba (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Katapa-tapa (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug). I am most grateful to the Western Philippines University (WPU) for the continuous support it has given me from the preparation up to the completion of this book. 13446); San Fernando, La Union; Rosales, La Union; Tacloban, Leyte; Lake Buluan and the rivers of Cotabato (Rio Grande and Fort Pikit) (Ref. Silver grunt (English), Bakoko (Tagalog), Oto-ot (Banton), Agoot (Bikol), Ibalay (Bikol), Kiskisan (Bikol), Ulibalay (Bikol), Agoot (Cebuano), Lekpeh (Chavacano), Samu-ok (Davawenyo), Lined silver grunt (English), Silver spotted grunt (English), Alibalay (Hiligaynon), Baraw-baraw (Hiligaynon), Tabal (Hiligaynon), Ulibalay (Hiligaynon), Taguk-guk (Ilokano), Abo (Kagayanen), Agot (Kapampangan), Ulibalay (Kuyunon), Lepe (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Aguot (Tagalog), Aguut (Tagalog), Bakoko agurt (Tagalog), Balay (Tagalog), Ibalay (Tagalog), Ikuran (Tagalog), Ago-ot (Visayan), Likti (Visayan), Agoot (Waray-waray), Likti (Waray-waray). No specimen was caught during the 1994 expedition (Ref. 280, 70969, 94476. 3408, 41639. A number of samples were caught during the 1994 expedition on the northeastern shore of the lake, from a 10-12 m wide stream with brown-colored waters (Ref. 13460). Specimens, 2.5 - 10 cm, were collected in Sabaan River, near Lake Naujan, Mindoro (Ref. 439, 280), Taal Lake (Ref. 46206). 12768). 13446, 70969), Palawan (Ref. Maria River, in Laguna; Lake Buhi, Camarines Sur; Lake Naujan, Mindoro (Ref. Likewise, the municipality has banned the use of vine extracts (rotenone and the like) for catching yu-yu as this method kills young fish as well and could be a health risk to humans. Incidentally caught by various gears in coastal waters (Ref. 80824) and Lake Lanao (Ref. 10888) and 2008 survey (Ref. Reported from Laguna de Bay; rivers in Balabac, Tawi Tawi and Mindanao (Ref. 280, 70969, 94476. Found in Lake Buhi (Ref. 280). An important food fish and cultured with other tilapias. Given the various Philippine languages and the disparate islands comprising the archipelago, custom and usage varies and contradictions frequently crop up. 280). Also Ref. Largescale mullet (English), Talilong (Tagalog), Balanak (Agutaynen), Hararan (Bikol), Banak (Cebuano), Gisaw (Cebuano), Banak (Chavacano), Lisas (Chavacano), Gisaw (Davawenyo), Gisaw (Hiligaynon), Gusaw (Hiligaynon), Lul-luran (Ilokano), Balanak (Kagayanen), Banak (Kuyunon), Banak (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Aguas (Tagalog), Banak (Tagalog), Balanak (Waray-waray). Recorded as having been or being farmed in rice fields (Ref. 81820). One specimen (MCZ 26394) was collected from Lake Taal (Ref. 13446. 80824). 13446) and the Cagayan River in Aparri (Ref. 2929, 70969). The text describes how these characteristics help the fish to live successfully in its own particular habitat.CHAPTER 2: Visual Key to FamiliesThe second chapter contains a visual key designed to aid identification of an individual fish to family level. Migrated into Lake Mainit via Tubay River, Mindanao (Ref. Maya-Maya fish is available in public markets usually priced at Php 350 per kilo established. 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